CBD Glossary

VALO Living's Ultimate CBD Glossary

When looking for options to help manage stress or physical discomfort, CBD may be an option worth considering. In fact, many people are turning to it more and more as an alternative to traditional medications. Many of our customers are curious about the science behind CBD and what all the difference terms mean. So, we've put together this Valo Living Ultimate CBD Glossary of all terms related to CBD. Knowing about CBD and its related terms will help you navigate the CBD landscape and find the best quality products to suit you and your specific needs.

Bioavailability: The amount of the substance that enters the bloodstream and is used by the body. With CBD, the smaller the particle, the better it is absorbed by the body.

Broad Spectrum: type of CBD oil that contains zero THC, but retains all the beneficial terpenes and other molecules present in the Phytocannabinoid-Rich Hemp Oil.

Cannabidiol: CBD is the abbreviated name for cannabidiol, which is a chemical in the cannabis sativa plan, also known as marijuana or hemp. Over 80 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, have been identified in the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabidiol, primarily found in the aerial parts of the plant like the flowers and leaves, but not in the roots or seeds (this is why hemp seed oil will not contain CBD). CBD contains little THC, the primary psychoactive element in marijuana. CBD oil can be further refined to be broad-spectrum, containing zero THC.

Cannabis: Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae.

CBD: An abbreviation for cannabidiol oil (see definition above). CBD oil is an extract from the flowering part of the hemp plant.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): A certificate from an accredited lab that verifies testing was done. Includes potency results, microbes, detected pesticides and more.

Concentration: The amount of strength CBD oil has or the amount of milligrams of CBD is in a product (i.e. 10mg, 25mg, etc.).

Delivery Method: The way in which CBD enters the body, including orally, topically and transdermally.

Edibles: CBD made into an edible form such as CBD gummies.

Endocannabinoids: Cannabinoid molecules that the body produces naturally.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS): A system in the body that interacts with cannabinoids released into the body. It helps to regulate mood, pain, appetite and sleep, among other functions. It's primary responsibility is homeostasis, or keeping the body in balance.

Entourage Effect: The synergistic connection of all parts of the plant working together to create an effect. This is usually lacking in isolate CBD products because all parts of the plant must be used in the product to get this effect.

Extraction Method: The way in which the cannabidiol/CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant.

Flavanoids: A plant metabolite that includes pigments. They contain antioxidants that are useful in CBD products. These are prevalent in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products.

Full Spectrum: CBD that retains beneficial naturally-occurring compounds. These compounds include many of the cannabinoids in the hemp plant, amino acids, terpenes and flavonoids. Full-spectrum CBD contains some THC, legally is must contain 0.03% or less.

GMP-Certified: Good Manufacturing Practice regulates CBD by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

Hemp: A variety of cannabis that is used to produce CBD because of its large quantities of CBD. This type of hemp is often referred to as phytocannabinoid-rich hemp.

Hemp Seed Oil: Oil products that contain zero or trace amounts of CBD, as there is little to no CBD found in the seeds of the hemp plant.

Hemp Seed Extract: Contains insignificant amounts of CBD and other beneficial cannabinoids. This is because the part of the hemp plant where the highest concentration of CBD lives is found in the flowers of the plant, not the seeds.

Isolate: A CBD product that contains only CBD and none of the other beneficial compounds (terpenes, flavonoids, etc.) that are present in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD and produce the entourage effect.

Marijuana: Any cannabis that has over 0.3% of THC on a dry weight basis. Marijuana is classified by two types, cannabis sativa and cannabis indica.

Microdosing: Taking small doses of CBD throughout the day, instead of large doses once or twice a day.

Nanometer: One billionth of a meter and the measurement used to describe the bioavailability of CBD.

Oral: Consuming CBD by mouth, usually CBD softgel capsules or CBD gummies.

Organic: The hemp plant is actually used to clean-up toxic soil (a process call phytoremediation) as it's so good at soaking up what is in the soil it's planted in. This is why it's very important that hemp - and the CBD produced from it - is organically-grown hemp.

Phytocannabinoids: Cannabinoids produced by plants including CBD and THC.

Phytocannabinoid-Rich Hemp: Hemp which is rich with plant-made cannabinoids/CBD.

Phytoremediation: The cleaning up of soil using hemp or other plants.

Proprietary Nanoemulsion TechnologyRaw hemp oil going through a process that transforms it into nano-sized emulsions. The smaller the particle, the more bioavailable it is to the body.

Psychoactive: When cannabis has more than 0.3% of THC, the effect it has may be psychoactive, which means mind-altering.

Purification ProcessA process in which all of the beneficial properties from the hemp plant are preserved, while unwanted compounds are removed.

Sublingual: The consumption of CBD by placing it under the tongue, such as with CBD tinctures.

Terpenes: Natural, organic compounds or oils that give a plant a scent, flavor or compounds. Terpenes have beneficial health properties as well.

Terpsolate: When a product contains CBD and terpenes.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): The main psychoactive compound in marijuana.

Third-Party Testing: Many CBD companies use a third-party company or organization to test their products for quality, safety and potency.

Tincture: An CBD product used orally and sometimes topically. CBD tinctures are preferred by many as they often feel the effects of the CBD quickly.

Topical: Applying CBD onto the skin. The smaller the particle, the better it is absorbed by the body. Topical application does not emit into the bloodstream. In fact, the human skin has its own independent endocannabinoid system (ECS) in additional to an ECS system found internally in the body. Topical use of CBD in the form of salves, lotions, creams or roll-ons can be highly beneficial for discomfort and rashes related to inflammation.

Transdermal: Applying CBD onto the skin. The smaller the particle, the better it is absorbed by the body. Transdermal application does emit into the bloodstream. See Topical definition above for more details.

Whole Plant: When CBD products retain parts of the entire plant, including terpenes and other naturally occurring elements that act therapeutically and synergistically, this is referred to as whole plant.

Zero THC: CBD products that contain zero traces of THC, which is typically only found in broad-spectrum CBD and isolate.